There are between 33-35 major tiger corridors and few of them are smaller ones
NEW DELHI: On the eve of Global Tigers Day, the Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar released the detailed 656–page report on the All India Tiger Population Estimation, 2018. The government’s detailed report has flagged several issues which need immediate attention, as these issues have the potential to sour the conservation success story.
Although the tiger population has increased over the year, their conservation is majorly centred on protected areas such as tiger reserves, national parks and regional landscape-level. Within the regional landscapes, there are tiger corridors that serve as crucial habitat for them apart from national parks and tiger reserves.
In India, there are between 33-35 major tiger corridors and few of them are smaller ones. The report clearly states that there are several fragmentation threats to these corridors due to burgeoning development and infrastructure projects along with anthropogenic pressures.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2018, had announced that country had 2,967 wild tigers. This data has been recorded after sifting through record-breaking 3.4 crore photographs that were obtained from camera traps placed at 26,838 locations by the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) and Wildlife Institute of India (WII).
NTCA and WII report state, ‘Status of tigers, co predators and prey in India’, stated that many tiger reserves and protected areas in India are analogous to small islands in a vast sea of ecologically unsustainable land uses of varying degrees. “Many tiger populations are confined within small protected areas and some have habitat corridors that permit tiger movement between them. However, most of the corridor habitats in India are not protected areas, and are degrading due to unsustainable human use and developmental projects,” the report reads.